1. The Moscow Kremlin
The Moscow Kremlin is located in the centre of Moscow and is one of the largest architectural ensembles in the world. Historically the Moscow Kremlin has been the residence of the person in power and is today the residence of the Russian President.
The museum complex includes the Assumption Cathedral, the Archangel Cathedral, the Annunciation Cathedral, the Church of the Deposition of the Robe of the Holy Virgin, the Palace of Patriarch and the Church of the Twelve Apostles, the bell tower of Ivan the Great and the State Armory Chamber.
The Museums of the Kremlin preserve unique works of art of different genres. The buildings, which host the museums, are unique architectural designs erected by distinguished architects and masters.
2. State Tretyakov Gallery
The State Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow is one of the largest museums in Russia with over 100,000 works of art including icons, paintings, graphics, and sculptures. It boasts the country’s best collection of Russian realism from the second half of the 19th century.
The Gallery collection was started by Pavel Tretyakov, the owner of a successful textile company, and became famous immediately after being opened to the public in 1,870. After Tretyakov’s death, the gallery’s collection grew rapidly, especially after museum collections were privatized: art was bought, donated or transferred from other museums, private collections, cathedrals, and monasteries.
3. Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts
The Pushkin Museum was the first museum to be dedicated to the life and work of the famous Russian poet Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin. The museum complex was founded in 1957 and now houses more than 165 thousand items. Significant artworks from the 19 – 20th centuries are also displayed there.
The museum displays a vast collection of tinted plaster casts of famous ancient, medieval and Renaissance sculptures and a collection of original works of foreign artists, sculptors and graphics together with objects of decorative arts.
4. The State Historical Museum
The unmistakable red-brick palace with its silver roof, towering opposite St. Basil’s Cathedral in Red Square, houses the State Historical Museum, one of the main sightseeing attractions of the Russian capital. Designed by V.Shervud, this Museum was built to commemorate national history, it traces the development of Russia and its people from ancient times to the present.